Global e-waste statistic partnership (GESP), formed by United Nations University (UNU), the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), and the international solid waste association (ISWA) in collaboration with the UN environmental program(UNEP) released the Global e-waste monitor 2020. The world health organization and the German ministry of economic cooperation and development also contributed to this year's Global e-waste monitor 2020.
As per the report, 53.6 million metric ton of e-waste was generated worldwide in 2019. The report also predicted that Global e-waste will reach 74 million metric tons by 2030, almost a doubling of e-waste in just 16 years. According to the report, only 17.4 percent of 2019's e-waste was collected and recycled.
E-Waste mainly consists of metals, plastics, cathode ray tubes, circuits, boards, cables, and so on. The presence of toxic substances such as liquid crystal, lithium, mercury, nickel, etc makes it very hazardous. if e-waste is not processed in a way manner it posses a huge use risk to human animals and the environment. Valuable metals such as Gold, Silver, and Platinum present in the devices if processed scientifically then it could be recovered.
According to the report, Asia generated 24.9 million metric ton e-waste tops the list followed by America (13.1 MT) and Europe (12 MT) while Africa and Oceania generated (2.9 MT) and (0.7 MT) respectively.
India holds 168 ranks among 180 countries on the environmental performance index 2020 which is in top 20 from the bottom. Also, India is ranked fifth in the world amongst top e-waste producing countries after USA China Japan, and Germany.