Country is remembering Mangal Pandey on his birth anniversary.

By : Samarjeet Singh  |  Updated On : 30 Nov, -0001

Country is remembering Mangal Pandey on his birth anniversary.

Mangal Pandey, the hero of India's first freedom struggle, the country is remembering him on his birth anniversary. Many stories about Mangal Pandey are still prevalent today. 

Mangal Pandey was born on 19 July 1827 in Nagwan village in Ballia district (Uttar Pradesh), United Provinces. His father's name was Diwakar Pandey and his mother's name was Abhay Rani.

The British Army used a P-53 rifle. The cartridge became the cause of the 1857 rebellion. The rumour spread that the cartridge used in the P-53 rifle is made from cow and pig fat. This simultaneously provoked Indian Hindu and Muslim soldiers. Actually the upper shell of the cartridge had to be opened with the tooth. Hindu or Muslim soldiers refused to put mouth to the religious significance of cows and pigs.

Important facts about Mangal Pandey

1. Mangal Pandey was a soldier in the Sixth Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry of the British East India Company. He was posted in the cantonment located at Barrackpore near Kolkata.

2. The Commandant of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry was also a prominent Christian preacher. He often told his soldiers about Christianity. There was a fear in the minds of the soldiers that an attempt was being made to convert them to Christianity. Gradually, the soldiers were gunned against their commanding officer. Which also included Mangal Pandey.

3. After blowing up the trumpet of the rebellion, Mangal Pandey vowed that whoever would come before him, he would make him a victim of his bullet. During the rebellion, Mangal Pandey felt that many Indian soldiers were not supporting him.

4.4. March 29, 1857, is officially considered the day of the beginning of the rebellion. Mangal Pandey opened fire on English Lieutenant Bagh who came in front of him on this day. Bagh escaped and Mangal Pandey was arrested.

5. The decision to hang Mangal Pandey was taken in the British court on 18 April 1857. The British Army was extremely scared because of the rebellion. So Mangal Pandey was hanged on April 8, ten days before the scheduled date.

6. Mangal Pandey was hanged publicly in the open. Thousands of people were gathered during this time, people were also shouting patriotic slogans. The executioner who hanged Mangal Pandey refused to hang him.

7. From the pictures of Mangal Pandey, it seems that Pandey was young at the time of his death. You will be surprised to know that Mangal Pandey was just 29 years old at the time of hanging. This young man had shown the ability to lay the foundation of a big movement.

8. There was an uprising in Meerut Cantonment just two days after hanging Mangal Pandey. The heat of which was felt throughout the country. Mangal Pandey was followed by freedom fighters like Rani Laxmibai, Tatya Tope and Kunwar Singh. However, if the rest of the Nawabs and the princes had supported, we would have got independence in 1857 itself.

9. After 35 years of independence, the Government of India tributed him and the first stamp on Mangal Pandey was issued in 1984.

10. The play 'Roti Vidroh' was written based on the life of Mangal Pandey. Which is still shown on the nooks and forums and is liked by the people. Aamir Khan's film on Pandey also became very popular.

The family of martyr Mangal Pandey is unhappy with the attitude of the government even today. Pandey's great-grandson Anil Pandey has demanded to name a road in the ancestral village of Nagwa after the martyr, which has been continuously ignored.

Mangal Pandey gave this slogan

Mangal Pandey also gave a slogan during the independence movement. "Maro Firangi Ko", though this slogan could not get much publicity. This slogan directly indicates violence, so the then Congress Party did not recognize this slogan and it could not become more popular. However, during the 1857 revolution, this slogan was very loud.